The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint that connects the jaw to the skull. Clicking or pain in that or surrounding areas might indicate a dysfunction. TMJ disorder can cause pain in the actual joint but also in the ear or even headaches. It can even lead to tension and pain conditions in the rest of the body, including migraines, chronic neck pain and even pelvic and hip misalignment, pelvic pain and pelvic floor dysfunction, as well as contribute to tinnitus or excessive earwax production.
Causes: Unknown and depend on the individual. There are many possible causes for TMJ disorder including stress, tense face muscles, grinding of teeth (bruxism), poor posture, misaligned or damaged teeth/bite, hormonal issues (it has been found that reduced oestrogen levels can cause problems in this area) or arthritis in the joint.
Treatment: there are dentists, physiotherapists, osteopaths and cranio-sacral therapists who specialise in this disorder. What I can offer is relaxation techniques that help with stress and sleep, releasing of face muscles in face yoga and postural alignment through Yoga and/or Pilates.